edwardbeckett

5/12/2015 - 2:10 PM

Sample Question

```
A zero-indexed array A consisting of N different integers is given. The array contains integers in the range [1..(N + 1)], which means that exactly one element is missing.
Your goal is to find that missing element.
Write a function:
class Solution { public int solution(int[] A); }
that, given a zero-indexed array A, returns the value of the missing element.
For example, given array A such that:
A[0] = 2
A[1] = 3
A[2] = 1
A[3] = 5
the function should return 4, as it is the missing element.
Assume that:
N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
the elements of A are all distinct;
each element of array A is an integer within the range [1..(N + 1)].
Complexity:
expected worst-case time complexity is O(N);
expected worst-case space complexity is O(1), beyond input storage (not counting the storage required for input arguments).
Elements of input arrays can be modified.
```