co89757
5/12/2016 - 11:17 PM

Print pretty stack trace for C++ under LINUX

Print pretty stack trace for C++ under LINUX

void printStack( void );
void printStack( void )
{
     unsigned int   i;
     void         * stack[ 100 ];
     unsigned short frames;
     SYMBOL_INFO  * symbol;
     HANDLE         process;

     process = GetCurrentProcess();

     SymInitialize( process, NULL, TRUE );

     frames               = CaptureStackBackTrace( 0, 100, stack, NULL );
     symbol               = ( SYMBOL_INFO * )calloc( sizeof( SYMBOL_INFO ) + 256 * sizeof( char ), 1 );
     symbol->MaxNameLen   = 255;
     symbol->SizeOfStruct = sizeof( SYMBOL_INFO );

     for( i = 0; i < frames; i++ )
     {
         SymFromAddr( process, ( DWORD64 )( stack[ i ] ), 0, symbol );

         printf( "%i: %s - 0x%0X\n", frames - i - 1, symbol->Name, symbol->Address );
     }

     free( symbol );
}
// stacktrace.h (c) 2008, Timo Bingmann from http://idlebox.net/
// published under the WTFPL v2.0

#ifndef _STACKTRACE_H_
#define _STACKTRACE_H_

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <execinfo.h>
#include <cxxabi.h>

/** Print a demangled stack backtrace of the caller function to FILE* out. */
static inline void print_stacktrace(FILE *out = stderr, unsigned int max_frames = 63)
{
    fprintf(out, "stack trace:\n");

    // storage array for stack trace address data
    void* addrlist[max_frames+1];

    // retrieve current stack addresses
    int addrlen = backtrace(addrlist, sizeof(addrlist) / sizeof(void*));

    if (addrlen == 0) {
	fprintf(out, "  <empty, possibly corrupt>\n");
	return;
    }

    // resolve addresses into strings containing "filename(function+address)",
    // this array must be free()-ed
    char** symbollist = backtrace_symbols(addrlist, addrlen);

    // allocate string which will be filled with the demangled function name
    size_t funcnamesize = 256;
    char* funcname = (char*)malloc(funcnamesize);

    // iterate over the returned symbol lines. skip the first, it is the
    // address of this function.
    for (int i = 1; i < addrlen; i++)
    {
	char *begin_name = 0, *begin_offset = 0, *end_offset = 0;

	// find parentheses and +address offset surrounding the mangled name:
	// ./module(function+0x15c) [0x8048a6d]
	for (char *p = symbollist[i]; *p; ++p)
	{
	    if (*p == '(')
		begin_name = p;
	    else if (*p == '+')
		begin_offset = p;
	    else if (*p == ')' && begin_offset) {
		end_offset = p;
		break;
	    }
	}

	if (begin_name && begin_offset && end_offset
	    && begin_name < begin_offset)
	{
	    *begin_name++ = '\0';
	    *begin_offset++ = '\0';
	    *end_offset = '\0';

	    // mangled name is now in [begin_name, begin_offset) and caller
	    // offset in [begin_offset, end_offset). now apply
	    // __cxa_demangle():

	    int status;
	    char* ret = abi::__cxa_demangle(begin_name,
					    funcname, &funcnamesize, &status);
	    if (status == 0) {
		funcname = ret; // use possibly realloc()-ed string
		fprintf(out, "  %s : %s+%s\n",
			symbollist[i], funcname, begin_offset);
	    }
	    else {
		// demangling failed. Output function name as a C function with
		// no arguments.
		fprintf(out, "  %s : %s()+%s\n",
			symbollist[i], begin_name, begin_offset);
	    }
	}
	else
	{
	    // couldn't parse the line? print the whole line.
	    fprintf(out, "  %s\n", symbollist[i]);
	}
    }

    free(funcname);
    free(symbollist);
}

#endif // _STACKTRACE_H_