new operator is considered harmful.
A framework needs to standardize the architectural model for a range of applications, but allow for individual applications to define their own objects and provide for their instantiation.
The Factory Method defines an interface for creating objects, but lets subclasses decide which classes to instantiate. Injection molding presses demonstrate this pattern. Manufacturers of plastic toys process plastic molding powder, and inject the plastic into molds of the desired shapes. The class of toy (car, action figure, etc.) is determined by the mold.