drwxrwxrwx+ 4 ravitejr amazon 4096 Mar 26 17:53 emea_t1_hiring_fcsts 1. First character indicates whether it is a normal file ( - ) or directory ( d ) Next 9 characters are permissions for the file or directory The next file is the number of blocks (don't worry too much about this). The next field is the owner of the file or directory (ryan in this case). The next field is the group the file or directory belongs to (users in this case). Following this is the file size (in bytes) Next up is the file modification time. Finally we have the actual name of the file or directory.