6/8/2011 - 5:11 PM

Ubuntu LAMP Development Environment Setup

Ubuntu LAMP Development Environment Setup

Install git:

sudo apt-get install git

Configure Git:

touch ~/.gitignore_global
git config --global core.excludesfile ~/.gitignore_global
git config --global "Your Name"
git config --global "Your Email"

ssh-keygen -t rsa -C "Your Email"
cat ~/.ssh/

(Optional) Use PHP 5.4.x:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php5-oldstable
sudo apt-get update

(Optional) Use PHP 5.5.x:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php5
sudo apt-get update

(Optional) Use PHP 5.6.x:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php5-5.6
sudo apt-get update

Install apache/php:

sudo apt-get install apache2 php5 php5-cli libapache2-mod-php5 php5-dev

Ensure this worked by visiting http://localhost/. You should see It works!.

Edit your php.ini:

sudo nano /etc/php5/cli/php.ini
  1. Add a timezone

     date.timezone = America/New_York
  2. Turn off short tags

     short_open_tag = Off
  3. Increase xdebug.max_nesting_level

     xdebug.max_nesting_level = 250

Install mysql (enter through password prompts to use use defaults):

sudo apt-get install mysql-server libapache2-mod-auth-mysql php5-mysql

Install phpmyadmin (choose apache2 and enter through password prompts to use default):

sudo apt-get install phpmyadmin

Edit phpmyadmin

sudo nano /etc/phpmyadmin/

Add/edit the following (around page 42):

// ...

/* Authentication type */
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type'] = 'config';

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowNoPassword'] = TRUE;
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['user'] = 'root';
/* Server parameters */

// ...

Ensure this worked by visiting http://localhost/phpmyadmin.

Install useful php modules:

sudo apt-get install php5-mcrypt php5-xdebug php5-curl php5-sqlite php5-xsl php-pear php-apc

Change php.ini directory for apache to use the same config as cli:

Edit /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/php5.load to look like the following:

PHPIniDir "/etc/php5/cli"

LoadModule php5_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/

Install PHPUnit:

sudo pear config-set auto_discover 1
sudo pear install

Install Composer:

sudo apt-get install curl
curl -sS | php
sudo mv composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer

Install node.js/npm:

sudo apt-get install python-software-properties python g++ make
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:chris-lea/node.js
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install nodejs

Install some npm modules:

sudo npm install -g bower
sudo npm install -g uglify-js
sudo npm install -g uglifycss
sudo npm install -g grunt-cli
sudo npm install -g zombie


A. Configure Apache Sites

Enable Apache mods:

sudo a2enmod rewrite vhost_alias

Add Apache site:

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/dev

Add the following:

<VirtualHost *:80>
  ServerName localhost
  DocumentRoot /home/{user}/www

<VirtualHost *:80>
  ServerAlias *.local
  VirtualDocumentRoot /home/{user}/www/%1/web

# For SSL
#<VirtualHost *:443>
#  ServerAlias *.local
#  VirtualDocumentRoot /home/kbond/www/%1/web
#  SSLEngine on
#  SSLCertificateFile    /etc/ssl/certs/ssl-cert-snakeoil.pem
#  SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/ssl/private/ssl-cert-snakeoil.key

Enable the site:

sudo a2ensite dev

Restart Apache:

sudo apache2ctl restart

Ensure your sites are added to /etc/hosts:    mysite.local

B. Enable SSL

Install ssl-cert:

sudo apt-get install ssl-cert

Enable ssl and default ssl site in apache:

sudo a2enmod ssl
sudo a2ensite default-ssl
sudo service apache2 restart

C. Install Twig C Extension


Ensure gcc is intalled:

sudo apt-get install gcc

Then run the following:

git clone
cd Twig/ext/twig/
sudo phpize
sudo ./configure
sudo make
sudo make install

Add the following to your php.ini:

Restart Apache:

sudo apache2ctl restart

D. Enable ACL

Edit your filesystem table:

sudo nano /etc/fstab

Add acl to the options column of ext4:

# <file system>  <mount point>  <type>  <options>              <dump>  <pass>
UUID=...         /              ext4    acl,errors=remount-ro  0       1

E. Install icu/php-intl from source

Download latest ICU

make install

Download latest intl

make install

Add the following to your php.ini:

F. Install pdo_dblib/mssql from source

UPDATE: on Ubuntu 14.04 and PHP 5.6 you can simply install Sybase DB:

apt-get install php5-sybase

Download latest FreeTDS and compile:

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/freetds --with-tdsver=7.0 --enable-msdblib --with-gnu-ld
make install

Download source for your version of php

Compile pdo_dblib:

cd ext/pdo_dblib
./configure --with-pdo-dblib=/usr/local/freetds --with-php-config=/path/to/php-config
make install

Compile mssql:

cd ext/mssql
./configure --with-mssql=/usr/local/freetds --with-php-config=/path/to/php-config
make install

Add the following to your php.ini:

Note: ensure these are below

Ensure dblib it is available with:

php -r "phpinfo();" | grep "PDO drivers"

Note: during ./configure if you get the error: configure: error: Cannot find php_pdo_driver.h., edit the following section in the ./configure file:


if test -f $abs_srcdir/include/php5/ext/pdo/php_pdo_driver.h; then
elif test -f $abs_srcdir/ext/pdo/php_pdo_driver.h; then
elif test -f $prefix/include/php/ext/pdo/php_pdo_driver.h; then


pdo_cv_inc_path=/path/to/php_pdo_driver.h # mine was: /usr/include/php5/ext/pdo/php_pdo_driver.h

G. Install weasyprint

Install dependencies:

sudo apt-get install python-dev python-pip python-lxml libcairo2 libpango1.0-0 libgdk-pixbuf2.0-0 libffi-dev libxml2-dev libxslt-dev

Install weasyprint:

sudo pip install weasyprint

H. Install wkhtmltopdf dependencies

sudo apt-get install libxrender1 libfontconfig1 libxtst6