10/24/2013 - 3:15 PM


// Variables used in this script:
//   $summary     - text title of the event
//   $datestart   - the starting date (in seconds since unix epoch)
//   $dateend     - the ending date (in seconds since unix epoch)
//   $address     - the event's address
//   $uri         - the URL of the event (add http://)
//   $description - text description of the event
//   $filename    - the name of this file for saving (e.g. my-event-name.ics)
// Notes:
//  - the UID should be unique to the event, so in this case I'm just using
//    uniqid to create a uid, but you could do whatever you'd like.
//  - iCal requires a date format of "yyyymmddThhiissZ". The "T" and "Z"
//    characters are not placeholders, just plain ol' characters. The "T"
//    character acts as a delimeter between the date (yyyymmdd) and the time
//    (hhiiss), and the "Z" states that the date is in UTC time. Note that if
//    you don't want to use UTC time, you must prepend your date-time values
//    with a TZID property. See RFC 5545 section 3.3.5
//  - The Content-Disposition: attachment; header tells the browser to save/open
//    the file. The filename param sets the name of the file, so you could set
//    it as "my-event-name.ics" or something similar.
//  - Read up on RFC 5545, the iCalendar specification. There is a lot of helpful
//    info in there, such as formatting rules. There are also many more options
//    to set, including alarms, invitees, busy status, etc.
//      https://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc5545.txt

// 1. Set the correct headers for this file
header('Content-type: text/calendar; charset=utf-8');
header('Content-Disposition: attachment; filename=' . $filename);

// 2. Define helper functions

// Converts a unix timestamp to an ics-friendly format
// NOTE: "Z" means that this timestamp is a UTC timestamp. If you need
// to set a locale, remove the "\Z" and modify DTEND, DTSTAMP and DTSTART
// with TZID properties (see RFC 5545 section 3.3.5 for info)
// Also note that we are using "H" instead of "g" because iCalendar's Time format
// requires 24-hour time (see RFC 5545 section 3.3.12 for info).
function dateToCal($timestamp) {
  return date('Ymd\THis\Z', $timestamp);

// Escapes a string of characters
function escapeString($string) {
  return preg_replace('/([\,;])/','\\\$1', $string);

// 3. Echo out the ics file's contents
PRODID:-//hacksw/handcal//NONSGML v1.0//EN
DTEND:<?= dateToCal($dateend) ?>
UID:<?= uniqid() ?>
DTSTAMP:<?= dateToCal(time()) ?>
LOCATION:<?= escapeString($address) ?>
DESCRIPTION:<?= escapeString($description) ?>
URL;VALUE=URI:<?= escapeString($uri) ?>
SUMMARY:<?= escapeString($summary) ?>
DTSTART:<?= dateToCal($datestart) ?>