1/25/2019 - 11:16 AM

3. Python - Tuples

Table of Contents

  • About the Dataset
  • Tuples
  • Quiz on Tuples
  • Estimated Time Needed: 15 min

    Imagine you received album recommendations from your friends and compiled all of the recomendations into a table, with specific information about each album.

    The table has one row for each movie and several columns:

    • artist - Name of the artist
    • album - Name of the album
    • released_year - Year the album was released
    • length_min_sec - Length of the album (hours,minutes,seconds)
    • genre - Genre of the album
    • music_recording_sales_millions - Music recording sales (millions in USD) on SONG://DATABASE
    • claimed_sales_millions - Album's claimed sales (millions in USD) on SONG://DATABASE
    • date_released - Date on which the album was released
    • soundtrack - Indicates if the album is the movie soundtrack (Y) or (N)
    • rating_of_friends - Indicates the rating from your friends from 1 to 10

    The dataset can be seen below:

    Artist Album Released Length Genre Music recording sales (millions) Claimed sales (millions) Released Soundtrack Rating (friends)
    Michael Jackson Thriller 1982 00:42:19 Pop, rock, R&B 46 65 30-Nov-82 10.0
    AC/DC Back in Black 1980 00:42:11 Hard rock 26.1 50 25-Jul-80 8.5
    Pink Floyd The Dark Side of the Moon 1973 00:42:49 Progressive rock 24.2 45 01-Mar-73 9.5
    Whitney Houston The Bodyguard 1992 00:57:44 Soundtrack/R&B, soul, pop 26.1 50 25-Jul-80 Y 7.0
    Meat Loaf Bat Out of Hell 1977 00:46:33 Hard rock, progressive rock 20.6 43 21-Oct-77 7.0
    Eagles Their Greatest Hits (1971-1975) 1976 00:43:08 Rock, soft rock, folk rock 32.2 42 17-Feb-76 9.5
    Bee Gees Saturday Night Fever 1977 1:15:54 Disco 20.6 40 15-Nov-77 Y 9.0
    Fleetwood Mac Rumours 1977 00:40:01 Soft rock 27.9 40 04-Feb-77 9.5


    In Python, there are different data types: string, integer and float. These data types can all be contained in a tuple as follows:

    tuple1=("disco",10,1.2 )
    ('disco', 10, 1.2)

    The type of variable is a tuple.


    Each element of a tuple can be accessed via an index. The following table represents the relationship between the index and the items in the tuple. Each element can be obtained by the name of the tuple followed by a square bracket with the index number:

    We can print out each value in the tuple:

    print( tuple1[0])
    print( tuple1[1])
    print( tuple1[2])

    We can print out the type of each value in the tuple:

    print( type(tuple1[0]))
    print( type(tuple1[1]))
    print( type(tuple1[2]))
    <class 'str'>
    <class 'int'>
    <class 'float'>

    We can also use negative indexing. We use the same table above with corresponding negative values:

    We can obtain the last element as follows (this time we will not use the print statement to display the values):


    We can display the next two elements as follows:


    We can concatenate or combine tuples by using the + sign:

    tuple2=tuple1+("hard rock", 10)
    ('disco', 10, 1.2, 'hard rock', 10)

    We can slice tuples obtaining multiple values as demonstrated by the figure below:

    We can slice tuples, obtaining new tuples with the corresponding elements:

    ('disco', 10, 1.2)

    We can obtain the last two elements of the tuple:

    ('hard rock', 10)

    We can obtain the length of a tuple using the length command:


    This figure shows the number of elements:

    Consider the following tuple:

    Ratings  =(0,9,6,5,10,8,9,6,2)

    We can assign the tuple to a 2nd variable:

    (0, 9, 6, 5, 10, 8, 9, 6, 2)

    We can sort the values in a tuple and save it to a new tuple:

    RatingsSorted=sorted(Ratings )
    [0, 2, 5, 6, 6, 8, 9, 9, 10]

    A tuple can contain another tuple as well as other more complex data types. This process is called 'nesting'. Consider the following tuple with several elements:

    NestedT =(1, 2, ("pop", "rock") ,(3,4),("disco",(1,2)))

    Each element in the tuple including other tuples can be obtained via an index as shown in the figure:

    print("Element 0 of Tuple: ",   NestedT[0])
    print("Element 1 of Tuple: ",  NestedT[1])
    print("Element 2 of Tuple: ",  NestedT[2])
    print("Element 3 of Tuple: ", NestedT[3])
    print("Element 4 of Tuple: ", NestedT[4])
    Element 0 of Tuple:  1
    Element 1 of Tuple:  2
    Element 2 of Tuple:  ('pop', 'rock')
    Element 3 of Tuple:  (3, 4)
    Element 4 of Tuple:  ('disco', (1, 2))

    We can use the second index to access other tuples as demonstrated in the figure:

    We can access the nested tuples :

    print("Element 2,0 of Tuple: ",   NestedT[2][0])
    print("Element 2,1 of Tuple: ",   NestedT[2][1])
    print("Element 3,0 of Tuple: ",   NestedT[3][0])
    print("Element 3,1 of Tuple: ",   NestedT[3][1])
    print("Element 4,0 of Tuple: ",   NestedT[4][0])
    print("Element 4,1 of Tuple: ",   NestedT[4][1])
    Element 2,0 of Tuple:  pop
    Element 2,1 of Tuple:  rock
    Element 3,0 of Tuple:  3
    Element 3,1 of Tuple:  4
    Element 4,0 of Tuple:  disco
    Element 4,1 of Tuple:  (1, 2)

    We can access strings in the second nested tuples using a third index:


    We can use a tree to visualise the process. Each new index corresponds to a deeper level in the tree:

    Similarly, we can access elements nested deeper in the tree with a fourth index:


    The following figure shows the relationship of the tree and the element NestedT[4][1][1]:

    <img src =''width = 750, align = "center">

    Quiz on Tuples

    Consider the following tuple:

    genres_tuple = ("pop", "rock", "soul", "hard rock", "soft rock", \
                    "R&B", "progressive rock", "disco") 
     'hard rock',
     'soft rock',
     'progressive rock',

    Find the length of the tuple, "genres_tuple":




    Access the element, with respect to index 3:

    'hard rock'

    Use slicing to obtain indexes 3, 4 and 5:

    ('hard rock', 'soft rock', 'R&B')

    Find the first two elements of the tuple "genres_tuple":

    ('pop', 'rock')

    Find the first index of 'disco':


    Generate a sorted List from the Tuple C_tuple=(-5,1,-3):

    [-5, -3, 1]

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    About the Authors:

    Joseph Santarcangelo has a PhD in Electrical Engineering, his research focused on using machine learning, signal processing, and computer vision to determine how videos impact human cognition. Joseph has been working for IBM since he completed his PhD.