The British education system: Today, I'll introduced you to the UK education system, including information on the national curriculum, grading and examinations. I will tell you the related information from the following five aspects. First, primary and secondary education. More than ninety percent of students in the UK attend publicly funded state schools. Approximately 8.5 million children attend one of the thirty thousand schools in England and Wales. In Scotland, eight hundred thirty thousand children attend about five thousand schools, including preschools and other special education schools. And Northern Ireland sends three hundred fifty thousand children to thirteen hundred state schools. Primary schools usually include both girls and boys as pupils. Secondary schools may be either single-sex or coeducational. Education departments in England, Scotland and Wales fund schools through a local education authority or education authority in Scotland. In Northern Ireland schools are largely financed from public funds through five education and library boards. Second national curriculum in England, Wales and Northern Ireland by law, all children between ages five and sixteen must receive a full-time education. The UK introduced a national curriculum in nineteen ninety two and state schools are required to adhere to it until students reach age sixteen. However, independent schools are not obliged to do so. National curriculum core subjects are English, mathematics and science. Welsh is a core subject in Welsh speaking schools. Foundation subjects are design and technology, information and communication technology, history, geography, modern farm languages, music, art and design, physical education, religious education and citizenship. Northern Ireland, follows a similar framework. However, schools can develop additional curriculum elements to express their particular ethos and meet people 's individual needs and circumstances. The curriculum also includes the Irish language in Irish speaking schools. After five years of secondary education students take examinations in a range of subjects at the level of general certificate of secondary education -- the GCSE. While the first really serious exams children in the UK have to do is the GCSEs. The GCSE is a single subject examinations set and marked by independent examination boards. Students usually take up to ten GCSE examinations in different subjects including mathematics and English language. After that the next really serious exams are A levels, but of course you do fewer of those. After taking GCS, these students may leave secondary schooling. Alternatively, they may choose to continue their education and vocational or technical colleges or they may take a higher level of secondary school examinations known as A-levels after an additional year of study. A levels are really important, and they're actually much harder than GCSEs. Following two years of study, students may take A level, short for advanced level examinations which are required for university entrance in the UK. Third, Scotland. Scotland has its own qualification framework that is separate from that of England, Wales and Northern Ireland after seven years of primary education and four years of compulsory secondary education. Students aged fifteen to sixteen may take the Scottish certificate of education - the SCE. The Scottish certificate of education is recognized throughout the UK is the equivalent of the GCE A-levels and is usually the entry qualification for University. For more information about Scotland's education system, visit learning and teaching Scotland or education UK, Scotland for information about higher education. Forth, grades and transcripts. The American concept of a school transcript is unfamiliar in the UK. Schools in the UK do not generally rank pupils within the year. Currently the principal standards are the GCSE, SCE and AS and A level examination results. There is no official method of equating British and American primary and secondary educational qualifications. The educational systems are entirely different, and attempt to compare them must be done on a strictly provincial basis. However, in general 5 GCSEs or the Scottish certificate of education standard grade passes are considered to way closest to the American high school diploma. For more information on English examinations, please visit the assessment and qualifications alliance, which is the largest of the three English examination bodies. For information on Northern Ireland's examination policy, please visit the Council on curriculum examinations and assessment or for more about Scotland's grading procedures, you can review the Scottish qualifications Authority's website to post secondary and higher education. Approximately one clean eight million students are currently enrolled in the UK higher education system. About one third of young people go on to higher education at age eighteen, with almost fifty percent of students in Scotland and increasing number of mature students are studying either full-time or part-time for university degrees. Higher education is a current policy priority for the government with the target set to attract eighteen to thirty years olds to a higher education by two thousand ten. Undergraduate degrees take three years to complete in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, while Scottish universities they last four years. At the graduate level a master's degree is normally earned in a single year. A research masters degree takes two years and a doctoral degree is often completed in three years. Professional courses such as medicine, veterinary medicine, law and teaching usually are undertaken as five-year undergraduate degrees. To learn more about opportunities to study abroad or earn undergraduate or graduate degree in the UK, please come to our office.
英国的教育体制：今天，我会向您介绍了英国的教育体系，包括国家课程的信息，分级和考试。我会从以下五个方面的相关信息告诉你。第一点，小学和中学教育。学生在英国超过90％的进入公共资金资助的公立学校。在英格兰和威尔士, 大约有850万儿童参加了三万学校的一个。在苏格兰，83万儿童进入大约5000所学校，包括幼儿园和其他特殊教育学校。而北爱尔兰把35万儿童送入1300公立学校。小学通常既包括女生也有男生。中学可以是单一性别或男女同校。教育部门在英格兰，苏格兰和威尔士的学校基金，通过在苏格兰当地教育主管部门或教育主管部门。在北爱尔兰，学校的经费大量来自五个教育及图书馆委员会的公共资金。第二点, 在英格兰，威尔士和北爱尔兰的国家课程, 按照法律规定，5岁至16岁之间的所有儿童必须接受全日制教育。英国在1992年出台了国家课程并且公立学校都必须执行下去，直到学生达到年龄16。但是，独立学校没有义务这样做。国家课程的核心科目是英语，数学和科学。威尔士语言在讲威尔士的学校的核心课程。基础科目有设计与技术，信息与通信技术，历史，地理，现代农庄的语言，音乐，艺术和设计，体育教育，宗教教育及公民。北爱尔兰，遵循了类似的框架。但是，学校可以开发更多的课程内容，以表达他们的特殊气质，满足人们的个性化需求和情况。该课程还包括了讲爱尔兰的学校的爱尔兰的语言经过五年的中学教育的学生参加各种科目的考试，在中学教育普通证书的水平 - 即GCSE课程。同时这是孩子们在英国第一次真正严肃的考试就是GCSE课程。在GCSE是一个单一的科目设置的考试，由独立的考试委员会管理。学生通常需要参加多达10门不同的科目包括数学和英语的GCSE考试。在此之后，下一个很重要的考试都是A等级，当然你做的比这些更少。参加GCS之后，这些学生可能会离开中学教育。或者，他们可以选择继续接受教育和职业或技术学院，也可能在另一年的学习后参加更高级的中学考试叫做A-级别.A-级别是非常重要的，而且他们实际上比普通中等教育证书GCSE更难。经过两年的学习，学生可以采取A-级别，简称先进水平考试, 这个是英国大学入学所需要的。第三点，苏格兰。苏格兰有自己的资历架构是经过七年的小学教育四年中等义务教育的独立于英格兰，威尔士和北爱尔兰。年龄在15到16的学生可以参与教育的苏格兰证书考试 - 即SCE。SCE在英国被公认为是GCE A-级别的当量，通常是大学的入学资格。有关苏格兰的教育系统的更多信息，请访问学与教苏格兰或英国教育，苏格兰关于高等教育的信息。第四点，成绩及成绩单。美国一所学校的成绩单的概念在英国是陌生的。英国学校一般不每年排名学生。目前的主要标准是GCSE，SCE和AS和A-级别考试成绩。还没有等同英国和美国的小学和中学学历的正式方法。教育系统是完全不同的，试图对它们进行比较，必须在严格基础上进行。然而，在一般情况5门 GCSE考试或SCE证书被认为是和美国高中文凭最接近的.有关英语考试的更多信息，请访问考核和资格的联盟，这是最大的三个英文考试机构。有关北爱尔兰的考试政策信息，请访问本会就课程考试及评核或更多关于苏格兰的分级过程中，您可以查看苏格兰学历管理委员会的网站上张贴的中等和高等教育。大约有新的800万学生，目前就读于英国的高等教育体系。18岁的青少年约有三分之一继续接受高等教育，几乎50％的学生在苏格兰和越来越多的成熟的学生都修读全日制或兼读大学学位。更高等教育在2010年当前的政策重点，政府的目标是吸引18到30岁的人获得更高的教育.本科学位课程需要三年的时间才能完成在英格兰，威尔士和北爱尔兰，而苏格兰大学，他们需要四年。在毕业阶段的硕士学位通常在一年获得。一个研究硕士学位要两年和博士学位通常是在3年内完成。专业课程，如医学，兽医学，法律，教育，通常被作为进行为期五年的本科学位。要了解更多有关到国外学习的机会或在英国获得大学本科或研究生学历, 请来到我们的办公室。